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10 | Türkei, Türke, Türkisch

Turkey, Turk, Turkish

Learn:

Ask for names and origin, talk about languages
German indefinite articles (ein, eine), countries VS people VS languages (Turkey, Turk, Turkish)

indefinite articles
Translations

Anna:Anna (name)
noun (f.)
Hallo hello
interjection
Meili Meili (Chinese name)
noun (f.)
!

Anna: Hello Meili!

Meili:Meili (name)
noun (f.)
Hallo hello
interjection
Anna Anna (name)
noun (f.)
!

Meili: Hello Anna!

Anna:Anna (name)
noun (f.)
Wie how / like; as (comparison)
adverb
ist is
verb
der the (masculine)
article
Deutschkurs German course
noun (m.)
? Ist is
verb
er here: it
personal pronoun
gut good; well
adjective
?

Anna: How is the German course? Is it good?

Meili:Meili (name)
noun (f.)
Ja yes
particle
, sehr very
adverb
gut good; well
adjective
. Hier here
adverb
, das the (neuter); that
article
sind are
verb
die the (feminine) / plural
article
Schüler pupils; school students
noun (m.)
im in the
preposition
Deutschkurs German course
noun (m.)
.

Meili: Yes, very good. Here, these are the students in the German course.

Anna:Anna (name)
noun (f.)
Das the (neuter); that
article
Foto photo
noun (n.)
ist is
verb
schön pretty; beautiful; handsome
adjective
. Woher from where
adverb
kommen to come; appear
verb
sie she; they
personal pronoun
?

Anna: The photo is beautiful. Where do they come from?

Meili:Meili (name)
noun (f.)
Das the (neuter); that
article
ist is
verb
Mike Mike (name)
noun (m.)
. Er he
personal pronoun
spricht speaks
verb
Englisch English
noun (n.)
und and
conjunction
Deutsch German
noun (n.)
. Er he
personal pronoun
kommt comes
verb
aus out; out of; from
preposition
New York New York (city)
noun
.

Meili: This is Mike. He speaks English and German. He comes from New York.

Anna:Anna (name)
noun (f.)
Die the (feminine) / plural
article
USA USA
noun (plural)
! So so; such; in this manner
adverb
schön pretty; beautiful; handsome
adjective
!

Anna: The USA! So beautiful!

Meili:Meili (name)
noun (f.)
Ja yes
particle
! … Und and
conjunction
das the (neuter); that
article
ist is
verb
Miguel Miguel (name)
noun (m.)
aus out; out of; from
preposition
Mexiko Mexico
noun
. Er he
personal pronoun
spricht speaks
verb
Spanisch Spanish
noun (n.)
.

Meili: Yes! … And this is Miguel from Mexico. He speaks Spanish.

Anna:Anna (name)
noun (f.)
Und and
conjunction
der that guy
article
? Ist is
verb
er he
personal pronoun
auch also, too, as well
adverb
Mexikaner Mexican man
noun (m.)
?

Anna: And this guy? Is he also a Mexican?

Meili:Meili (name)
noun (f.)
Nein no
particle
, er he
personal pronoun
ist is
verb
Türke Turk; Turkish man
noun (m.)
. Das the (neuter); that
article
ist is
verb
Cem Cem (name)
noun (m.)
. Er he
personal pronoun
spricht speaks
verb
Türkisch Turkish (language, subject)
noun (n.)
und and
conjunction
Englisch English
noun (n.)
.

Meili: No, he is a Turk. This is Cem. He speaks Turkish and English.

Anna:Anna (name)
noun (f.)
Die the (feminine) / plural
article
Türkei Turkey (country)
noun (f.)
ist is
verb
auch also, too, as well
adverb
so so; such; in this manner
adverb
schön pretty; beautiful; handsome
adjective
! Warst were
verb
du you
personal pronoun
schon already; yet
adverb
mal once; time(s) (as in: one time, two times) / ‘real quick‘
adverb
da there / that’s when (OR: here)
preposition
?

Anna: Turkey is so beautiful, too! Have you ever been there?

Meili:Meili (name)
noun (f.)
Nein no
particle
, ich I
personal pronoun
war was
verb
noch still; yet; else
adverb
nicht not
particle
da there / that’s when (OR: here)
preposition
.

Meili: No, I haven’t been there yet.

Anna:Anna (name)
noun (f.)
Und and
conjunction
wer who; whoever
adverb
ist is
verb
das the (neuter); that
article
?

Anna: And who is that?

Meili:Meili (name)
noun (f.)
Er he
personal pronoun
heißt is called
verb
Tino Tino (name)
noun (m.)
. Er he
personal pronoun
kann can
verb
Finnisch Finnish (language, subject)
noun (n.)
und and
conjunction
Türkisch Turkish (language, subject)
noun (n.)
.

Meili: His name is Tino. He knows Finnish and Turkish.

Anna:Anna (name)
noun (f.)
Ist is
verb
er he
personal pronoun
Finne Finn; Finnish man
noun (m.)
oder or
conjunction
Türke Turk; Turkish man
noun (m.)
?

Anna: Is he a Finn or a Turk?

Meili:Meili (name)
noun (f.)
Er he
personal pronoun
kommt comes
verb
aus out; out of; from
preposition
Finnland Finland
noun
. … Anna Anna (name)
noun (f.)
, hast have
verb
du you
personal pronoun
eigentlich actual(ly); anyways; by the way
particle
die the (feminine) / plural
article
Nummer number
noun (f.)
von from; of; by
preposition
Paul Paul (name)
noun (m.)
?

Meili: He comes from Finland. … Anna, by the way, do you have Paul‘s number?

Anna:Anna (name)
noun (f.)
Warum why
adverb
?

Anna: Why?

New words

 

Cem
Cem (name)

da
there; that’s when

Deutsch
German

der Deutschkurs
the German course

Englisch
English

der Finne
the Finn (man)

Finnisch
Finnish (language)

Finnland
Finland

der Kurs
the course; class

mal
once; time(s)

der Mexikaner
the Mexican (man)

Mexiko
Mexico

Miguel
Miguel (name)

Mike
Mike (name)

schon
already; yet

Schüler
school students

Spanisch
Spanish

er, sie, es spricht
he, she, it speaks

Tino
Tino (name)

der Türke
the Turk (man)

die Türkei
Turkey 
(country)

Türkisch
Turkish

die USA
the USA

du warst
you were

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Personal pronouns Sie ich er

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Hints

In lesson 4 we learned that we can sometimes drop the main verb. We often see this with languages:

Meili: … Er kann Finnisch und Türkisch.
  … He can (speak) Finnish and Turkish.

Last lesson, Anna said she is a „Studentin“ (student). But now Meili says the students in her German course are „Schüler“. That’s because Anna is enrolled in an academic course of study. „Schüler“ are ordinary students, or pupils in any non academic course.

Mal and Zeit can both mean „time“. Mal refers to the number of times (once, twice, …):

Warst du schon mal da?
Have you ‚already been there once‘? (meaning: Have you ever been there?)

Zeit refers to time in general:

Hast du Zeit?
Do you have time?

  1   Comprehension quiz

The students are from the U.S., Mexico, Turkey, Israel, and Finland.
Meili asks for Pauls number, and Anna is curious why she wants it.
Meili likes her German course and shows Anna a picture with all the students in the class.

 

2 Responses

  1. Hi! I remember that in one of the episodes they used an expression to say that something can be done easily, quickly or with no problem. For example: Ich kann *schnell* fragen. But I can’t seem to remember the word we needed to use that and I can’t find the episode either. Can you please help me? Thanks in advance.

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