Exercise 3 for Lesson 10

 💬  Listen and repeat

In lesson 9, we already touched on the topic of diphthongs. They are sounds that are made from two different sounds. These are the most common ones: au, ai, ei, äu, and eu.

au: aus, Paul, Frau, auch

ai: Michail

ei: nein, bei, Polizei, leider

Ai and ei sound the same. Ei is more common. Meili is a Chinese name, not a German word. That’s why it’s pronounced differently.

äu: Verkäufer
eu: neu, Freundin, Euro, Deutsch

Also äu and eu sound the same. Eu is more common.

ie: these letters are also a unit, but they are not a diphthong. They just make one long i sound when they are together: sie, wie, Diebe


We had 3 definite articles so far: der, die, and das. They all mean „the“ in English. Now, let’s take a closer look at their indefinite counterparts ein, and eine. Both mean „a“:

der Bruder
das Praktikum
die Hochzeit

ein Bruder
ein Praktikum
eine Hochzeit

We can see that eine is for feminine (die) nouns, and it takes the e from the article die. The article ein is both for masculine (der) and neuter (das) nouns.

And just like the English word „a“, ein and eine are both singular.

Ride without training wheels

No more training wheels! Writing exercises will always be case-sensitive and punctuation-sensitive from now on. If your device automatically capitalizes, then simply press the shift ⇧ key.

  3   Rewrite the sentences
Change the articles from der/die/das to ein/eine
If you can’t write äöü, and ß then replace them with aeoeue, and ss.

die Arbeit   →   eine Arbeit

die Freundin   →   

das Café   → 

die Uhr   → 

der Arzt   → 

der Kaffee   →   ein Kaffee

die Bibliothek   → 

der Chef   → 

die Kellnerin   →   

der Informatiker   → 

die Lehrerin   → 

And now with full sentences. Don’t forget the punctuation marks (.,?!).

Der Mann muss telefonieren.   →  Ein Mann muss telefonieren.

Der Polizist will selbst einkaufen.   → 

Das Praktikum ist eigentlich gut.   → 

Die Studentin kommt übermorgen.   → 

Die Verkäuferin ist pünktlich.   → 


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